Colombia, the world's third-largest producer of coffee, is recognized for its delicate notes and overtones of tropical fruit in its coffee beans. This country has been referred to as the "richest and most diverse territory on earth" with the best climate in the world for coffee production. Colombian coffee is a well-known "coffee flavor" in North America. In this guide, you’ll learn about the history, regions, and flavor notes of Colombia.
Colombian Coffee History
It is thought that priests brought coffee to Colombia for the first time. A priest named Francisco Romero is the originator of Colombia's industrial coffee farming.
The Colombian coffee growing sector experienced a significant change from the 1900s to the present. Colombia overtook Brazil as the second-largest coffee producer in the world in 1930. A downturn in the coffee industry in the 1990s led to a large-scale migration for work to urban areas. Colombia's coffee industry started to grow in the 2000s and farmers are now again starting to make a profit from the coffee industry.
Colombian coffees are regarded as being smooth and simple to drink, making them great for strong flavors in other countries. It's difficult to predict which flavors you'll receive from any single origin. It offers coffee due to the broad range of varietals and growing regions within Colombia. Most have a sweet, chocolatey flavor with some fruity undertones on caramel and red fruits like berries. Colombian aromas with hints of spice can be citrusy and fruity at times.
Coffee Growing Regions
The high quality of Colombian coffee beans is due to the ideal growing conditions. The numerous banana trees give shelter while yet allowing for appropriate sunshine. The following are some of the most popular regions that produce coffee with distinct flavor profiles today. Colombia's main coffee-growing regions include the following:
- Northern Region
The north has a mild climate with lower altitudes in places like the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, the Perija mountains, and Santander. One of the varieties available in this region is fair trade Organic Sierra Nevada, which is aromatic with light and strong chocolate notes.
- Southern Region
The south lies closer to the equator, with higher heights in locations such as Narino, Cauca, and Tolima. a Huila-grown type called Supremo, which has wonderful balance while remaining rich, nutty, and sweet; the longer it remained in the cup, the sweeter it became.
- Central Region
Caldas, Quindio, Risaralda, and Tolima make up the Central area UNESCO designated this area as a World Heritage Site.
Colombian coffee, rich in flavor and history, is always a wonderful and reliable source for a delicious cup of coffee. When you brew this coffee, there is more to a cup of coffee than you may think, with origins dating back to the 1700s.
To experience the varied flavors for yourself, try out different flavors from different areas. Your experience with Colombian coffee will be an adventure as you travel from place to place due to the many regions' varying heights and climates.