Learn about the history, flavor characteristics, and coffee-growing regions of Peruvian coffee. Peru is the largest supplier of fair-trade coffee in the world, producing millions of bags of wonderful brew every year.
Coffee comes in a variety of forms and is produced all over the world. Peruvian coffee, known for its rich history and unique flavor, is the oldest coffee variety. Peru is also the largest supplier of fair-trade coffee globally, producing millions of bags of high-quality coffee annually. In this article, we will delve into the history, flavor characteristics, and coffee-growing regions of Peru.
Peruvian Coffee History
Peru was one of the first countries in South America to cultivate coffee for domestic consumption after receiving Arabica beans from Ecuador in the 18th century. Coffee was introduced to Peru by Spanish sailors who carried it on their way to the country from the Ethiopian coast in the 1600s. By the 1700s, Peruvians began cultivating coffee varieties that thrived in the mountainous climate. In the 1800s, Peru expanded into the global coffee market. Today, the Peruvian coffee industry aims to become the largest producer of certified organic coffee.
Flavor Profile of Peruvian Coffee
The most popular coffee variety in Peru is Arabica, known for its medium body, low acidity, and pleasant aroma. Peruvian coffee beans grown in high-altitude locations boast a gentle acidity, fruity flavor, pleasant sweetness, and floral components, with a hint of nuttiness. On the other hand, coffee beans from low-altitude farms offer a smooth, sweet taste with lively acidity and a distinct floral scent.
Coffee Growing Regions
Peruvian coffee is grown in several regions, each contributing to the country's economy and exports. The three primary coffee-growing regions in Peru are the central, northern, and southern highlands.
North Region: The Chanchamayo, San Martin, and Amazon regions are the primary growing areas in the northern region, where Peruvian coffee was first cultivated.
Central Region: Junin and Huanuco are located in central Peru, where coffee varieties like Catimor, Typica, and Caturra are grown. Huanuco's orange and caramel beans are known for their enhanced taste, acidity, and aroma.
South Region: The southern region produces coffee of three different varieties, namely Caturra, Typica, and Bourbon. The best Peruvian coffee from the south, made with premium beans, can be found in Cusco, known for its fruit-flavored chocolate.
Peruvian coffee is considered one of the best coffees available today, with its rich history and unique flavor. It's a fantastic choice for coffee lovers who have tried it before and a hidden gem for those who haven't. The country's coffee history is reflected in the vibrant flavors of Peruvian coffee, known for its gentle acidity, memorable flavor, and smoothness. If you ever get the chance to visit Peru, be sure to try their coffee, a true pleasure for your taste buds. For those interested in exploring more, a trip to the Chocomuseo in Cusco can satisfy your curiosity about Peruvian cacao as well.